August 19, 2021

Macro

EMERGING MARKETS: Covid-19 Vaccination Strategies and Challenges

BY Teneo Macro

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Listen to our reports with a personalized podcasts through your Amazon Alexa or Apple devices audio translated into several languages

( 4 mins)

Our Covid-19 vaccination table includes updated information on the immunization strategies selected EMs are pursuing and the challenges they face.

Below are some of the latest developments. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you want to discuss any of the countries mentioned in more detail.

 

HIGHLIGHTS

Vaccine rollout

  • With over 80% of its adult population now fully immunized, Chile started administering booster jabs on 11 August. This week, booster jabs are being given to people in their 70s who received their second Sinovac dose last March; the plan is to provide 2mn people with booster jabs by mid-September.
  • Hungary will suspend its vaccination campaign during the 20-22 August national holiday weekend to provide medical staff with some rest. Since early July, the country’s inoculation campaign has been progressing at some of the slowest rates in the EU.
  • Nigeria flagged off the second phase of its vaccination program on 16 August. The first phase since March, during which about 2.5mn people had received at least one jab, had prioritized frontline health workers.
  • Peru will stage its fifth “Vaccinathon” event on the weekend of 21-22 August using the latest batch of Sinopharm doses delivered on 15 August; authorities have been using “Vaccinathon” events – the last one lasted 60 hours straight – to increase vaccination rates.
  • Philippine migrant workers, especially construction workers and seafarers, may be given booster shots ahead of the general population.
  • Russia‘s inoculation campaign is losing momentum as the number of first administered doses per day has dropped to around 250,000 in mid-August compared to approximately 616,000 in early July. Unless mandatory vaccination is expanded to new population groups/regions, vaccination progress will continue to be limited as 55% of the population is still reluctant to get vaccinated.

Vaccine procurement

  • In Argentina, the first batch of 1.1mn Sputnik doses filled into vials and packaged locally is now ready for use after being distributed across the country over the weekend; in theory, an additional 8mn Sinopharm doses should also be delivered this month.
  • In Brazil, northeastern states canceled the purchase of 37mn doses of Sputnik V after troubles approving it in the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency. However, the country has already purchased enough doses to immunize its population fully.
  • China’s Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical aims to start trial production of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine by the end of August, and Chinese regulators are likely to grant approval soon. The BioNTech jab is likely to be used as a booster shot for those who have already received a Chinese-made vaccine.
  • Colombia‘s government has expressed concern about its ongoing and future vaccine procurement efforts after the country’s top administrative court leaked – apparently in a genuine error – confidential information contained in contracts the government signed with Pfizer and AstraZeneca.
  • Nigeria received the initial batch of 178,000 doses of the Johnson & Johnson (J&J) vaccine procured via the African Union’s African Vaccine Acquisition Task Team (AVATT) on 12 August. Monthly shipments via AVATT are expected until a total of 29.8mn doses have been delivered.
  • South Africa‘s freshly appointed health minister, Joe Phaahla, has signaled that the government may broaden its vaccine supplier base beyond Pfizer and J&J and is reconsidering acquiring AstraZeneca (AZ) jabs and other vaccines.
  • Thailand may borrow vaccines from Bhutan to plug its supply shortfall; Bangkok will also purchase 12mn doses of Sinovac for a mix-and-match strategy where it uses the Chinese vaccine as a first shot and AstraZeneca as a second.

Infections and new variants

  • While the Delta strain accounts for most new cases in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland, the infection levels in these countries remain among the lowest in the EU.
  • Indonesia’s health officials say they are seeing a drop in Sinovac’s vaccine effectiveness, with the jab preventing 79% of deaths and 53% of hospitalizations from April to June compared to 95% and 74%, respectively, from January to March.

Vaccine diplomacy

  • Mexico is set to receive a US donation of up to 8.5mn vaccine doses in the coming weeks – 3.5mn Moderna doses and up to 5mn AZ doses. The Moderna vaccine has just received regulatory clearance in Mexico. The US has previously donated nearly 4mn Janssen and AZ doses to Mexico.
2021-08-19_EMERGING-MARKETS-Covid-19-Vaccination-Strategies-and-Challenges

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